Selected Bibliography of Robert Ryman:
Robert Ryman. London: Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1977.
Texts by Robert Ryman and Naomi Spector.
Robert Ryman. Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1981.
Texts by Yve-Alain Bois and Christel Sauer.
Robert Ryman. New York: Dia Art Foundation, 1988.
Interview by Gary Garrels.
Robert Ryman: New Paintings. New York: Pace Gallery,
1990. Text by Yve-Alain Bois.
Robert Ryman. Paris: Espace d'art contemporain, in
association with Hallen für neue Kunst, Schaffhausen, 1991.
Texts by Urs Raussmüller, Robert Ryman, Christel Sauer, and
Robert Ryman. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, in
association with Tate Gallery, London, 1993. Text by Robert
Born in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1930, Robert Ryman attended
Tennessee Polytechnic Institute and the George Peabody College
for Teachers (1948–49). After serving in the United States Army
Reserve Corps from 1950 to 1952, he moved to New York City,
intending to pursue a career in jazz by studying with the
pianist Lenny Tristano. In 1953, however, Ryman began working as
a guard at the Museum of Modern Art, and that same year he was
inspired to make his first painting. His first one-person
exhibition was held at the Paul Bianchini Gallery, New York, in
1967, and his first show in Europe came the following year at
the Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich. Ryman's works were
represented in Documentas 5 (1972), 6 (1977), and 7 (1982), in
Kassel, in the Venice Biennale of 1976, and in the Whitney
Biennial of 1987. His first retrospective was organized by the
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, in 1974; Dia mounted a show of his
works in 1988, and he had a retrospective at the Museum of
Modern Art, New York, in 1993.