English sculptor. Moore's early sculpture was angular and
rough, strongly influenced by pre-Columbian art. About 1928
he evolved a more personal style which has gained him an
international reputation. His works, in wood, stone, and
cement (done without clay models), are characterized by
their smooth, organic shape and often include empty hollows,
which he showed to have as meaningful a shape as solid mass.
During World War II, when materials for carving were scarce,
he was commissioned by the government to do a series of
drawings of the London underground bomb shelters (1940). His
favorite sculptural subjects have been the mother and child
and the reclining figure. Moore executed an abstract screen
and a reclining figure for the Time-Life Building in London
(1952—53), a bronze group for Lincoln Center of the
Performing Arts in New York City (1962—65), and a monument
for the Univ. of Chicago (1964—66). In the Art Gallery of
Toronto, a gallery has been dedicated entirely to his works.
See his autobiography, ed. by J. Hedgecoe (1968); a
collection of his writings, ed. by P. James (1967);
biography by R. Berthond (1987); studies by E. Neumann
(1984) and A. Bowness (1986).